Food production is being undermined by humanity's failure to protect biodiversity. Over the last 20 years, approximately 20% of the earth's vegetated surface has become less productive. In the UK alone, intensive farming and overuse of chemicals has boosted short-term productivity but will render large tracts of soil infertile within a generation. Global monoculture farming not only has an adverse impact on biodiversity, it puts pressures on water supplies that are already struggling to cope with demand.
The world's insects are hurtling down the path to extinction, threatening a catastrophic collapse of nature's ecosystems. More than 40% of insect species are declining and a third are endangered. The rate of extinction is eight times faster than that of mammals, birds and reptiles. The total mass of insects is falling by a precipitous 2.5% per year, suggesting that they could vanish within a century.
This work is made entirely from plastic single-use forks and plastic figures. The main image is drawn in silverpoint, a Renaissance technique that has largely been forgotten when the graphite pencil became available and proved more convenient for drawing.